Làm văn giới thiệu Nguyễn Đình Chiểu và Lục Vân Tiên



A good essay introduces the work of Luc Van Tien and author Nguyen Dinh Chieu through the work of teacher Lan at Ly Thuong Kiet Secondary School in the knowledge of 9th grade students.

Topic: Please introduce the author Nguyen Dinh Chieu with the work Luc Van Tien


Nguyen Dinh Chieu has a very strong will and energy to rise up in life and dedicate himself to life. At the age of twenties, he entered life as eager and aspirational as the young man Luc Van Tien was at the meeting:

But misfortune came rushing in: at the age of sixteen, he fell blind and disabled. So the road to fame is blocked, love is broken. When he returned to his hometown, he met a riot again. Followed by days of struggling with the family to run away from the war. He was indignant at the scene of the four divided five divided mountains, heartbroken by the difficult and miserable plight of the people. Life’s storms constantly beat and pushed, but Nguyen Dinh Chieu did not fall before fate. He still held his head high and lived usefully for the people and for the country until his last breath.

Nguyen Dinh Chieu courageously shouldered all three responsibilities of a teacher, physician and poet at the same time. In any position, he devoted himself fully and set a bright example for life. As a teacher, the reputation of Do Chieu reverberated throughout the Luc Tinh region. A touching image that is still handed down in folklore is that when he died, the whole Ba Tri field was covered with white mourning scarves of generations of students and people who admired his talent.

As a physician, he spared no effort to save humanity:

As a poet, Nguyen Dinh Chieu left behind many pages of immortal poems, which were widely circulated such as Tales of Luc Van Tien, Running against the enemy, Can Giuoc’s philanthropist, Ngu Tieu’s medical questions and answers…

Nguyen Dinh Chieu has an ardent patriotism and a rare indomitable spirit. Despite his blindness, illness, and poor family background, from the first days of his encounter with foreign invaders, he resolutely maintained his stance. He worked as an advisor to the rebel leaders, and at the same time composed poetry to encourage the fighting spirit of the martyrs. When the whole Luc province of Nam Ky fell into the hands of the enemy, he retreated to live in Ba Tri (Ben Tre) to uphold the temperament of the loser, but his back was straight, his head was still held high, even the enemy had to respect. He lived a righteous and pure life amidst the love and respect of his compatriots and a lifelong heart.

The story of Luc Van Tien consists of four parts. The content is summarized as follows:

Part one: Luc Van Tien fights to save Kieu Nguyen Nga.

Hearing the news that the court opened an exam, Van Tien said goodbye to him and went down the mountain to compete. On the way home to visit his parents, he met the bandits Phong Lai raging, he defeated the bandits alone, saving Kieu Nguyet Nga. Thanks to that virtue, Nguyet Nga volunteered to stick with Van Tien for life and drew his picture by herself. And Van Tien finished the righteous work, peacefully left, met and made friends with Hon Minh who was also on the way to the capital to apply.

Part 2: Luc Van Tien crashed and was rescued.

After returning home to visit her parents, Van Tien and the young dong set out on their way, by the way, to visit Vo Cong, who had promised to marry Vo The Loan’s daughter to him. From here, Van Tien has another companion, Vuong Tu Truc. Arriving in the capital, he met some other soldiers, Trinh Ham and Bui Kiem. Seeing Van Tien’s high talent, Ham and Kiem generate envy and jealousy. When she was about to enter the exam school, Van Tien received the news of her mother’s death, immediately quit the exam and returned to her hometown to mourn. On the way back, Van Tien cried a lot, causing severe eye pain, then went blind in both eyes, and was tricked by Trinh Ham to push him into the river. Thanks to the delivery of dragons to help bring them to the beach, Van Tien was taken care of by Mr. Ngu’s family. After that, he was raped by Vo Cong and his son, and put him in the cave of Thuong Tong mountain. The god Duoc Son and Mr. Tieu saved him, Van Tien was lucky to meet his good friend Hon Minh, because of his punishment for his son’s selfishness, he had to give up his exam, lurking in the forest. Hon Minh welcomes you to take refuge in a quiet place. In that year’s exam, Tu Truc passed the valedictorian, went to the Vo family’s house to secretly ask about Van Tien’s news. Vo Cong offered to marry his daughter, but was immediately rejected by Tu Truc and scolded him in the face for being shameless.

Part 3: Kieu Nguyet Nga has an accident but still remains faithful.

When she heard that Luc Van Tien had died on the way back to her hometown, Kieu Nguyet Nga was very heartbroken and vowed to keep her life secret. The Thai monk at the court forced her to ask her to be his son’s wife, so he held animosity, and asked the king to force Kieu Nguyet Nga to pay tribute to the O Qua enemy to avoid the danger of soldiers. The boat went to Nguyet Nga border with a picture of Van Tien jumping into the river to commit suicide. Quan Am Buddha saved her and brought her to the flower garden of the Bui family. Bui recognized her for adoption, but his son Bui Kiem insisted on marrying her. Nguyet Nga had to escape from the Bui family and live in the forest at the house of an old woman weaving cloth.

Part 4: Luc Van Tien and Kieu Nguyet Nga meet again.

Luc Van. Tien stayed with Hon Minh, was given magic medicine by his grandfather, his eyes were restored, and immediately returned home to visit his father and mother’s grave. On the next exam, he passed the poinsettia and was sent by the king to defeat the O Qua invaders. Hon Minh was his deputy. After defeating the enemy, Van Tien was lost in the deep forest, accidentally went to the old woman’s house to ask for directions and met Kieu Nguyet Nga again. He returned to court and told the king all the facts. In the end, the wicked are punished, the righteous are rewarded. Luc Van Tien and Kieu Nguyet Nga were happily reunited.

Luc Van Tien is a Nom poem composed in the early 50s of the nineteenth century, widely circulated in the forms of folklore activities such as telling poetry, speaking Van Tien poetry, and singing Van Tien in the South and South Central regions. Because the story is reprinted many times, the story has many versions, sometimes adding hundreds of verses. According to the commonly used text today, the story has 2082 stanzas of verse.

The story is structured in the style of chapters, revolving around the life events of the main characters.

The purpose of poet Nguyen Dinh Chieu when writing this story is to teach the morality of being human:

First: Appreciate the friendship between people: father-son love, mother-child love, husband and wife love, friendship, love, care for those in need.

Second: Uphold the spirit of chivalry, ready to save the streets of danger (Van Tien fights and robbers, Hon Minh breaks the legs of the son of a mandarin trusting his father to do bad things).

Thirdly: Tho manifests the people’s aspiration towards justice and good things in life through the happy ending of the story, which is good victory over evil, righteous victory over evil.

During Nguyen Dinh Chieu’s life, the feudal system was in a state of serious crisis, discipline was loose, morality was degraded, society was disturbed… Therefore, a work like Van Tien has fully met the aspirations and dreams of justice of the people. Because of that, after its birth, the story was warmly received by the people of the South:

In terms of artistic characteristics, Luc Van Tien is a Nom poem that is mainly used to tell rather than read, so it focuses on the character’s actions rather than inner description, so the character’s personality is often revealed through actions, words, and gestures. The author’s praising or criticizing attitude is reflected in the character’s description.

The story of Luc Van Tien by Nguyen Dinh Chieu is a work with strong and lasting vitality in the hearts of the public, especially the people of the South. As early as 1864, that is, just ten years after the work was published, a Frenchman translated this work into French. What motivated him to do so was the special phenomenon he witnessed in the Cochinchina Luc province, perhaps there was not a single fisherman or boatman who wouldn’t hum a few sentences (Luc Van Tien) while pushing his oars. He evaluated Luc Van Tien’s work as one of the rare products of human intelligence, having the great advantage of faithfully describing the images of an entire nation.

The opinion that Luc Van Tien’s work is autobiographical in nature. There are similarities between the author’s biography and the character of Luc Van Tien, such as leaving the exam to go home to mourn, eye pain and blindness, being betrayed, later meeting a good marriage …

However, there are still differences: Luc Van Tien was given medicine by his grandfather, his eyes were bright, continued to take the exam, passed the poinsettia and led the army to win the enemy. As for Nguyen Dinh Chieu, it is forever darkness. That difference speaks to the dream and burning desire in Nguyen Dinh Chieu’s soul that he can only convey through his ideal character.

– Run out of –

Refer to the article No. 2 similar to introducing the work of Luc Van Tien and the author Nguyen Dinh Chieu

In Vietnamese literature, there are few authors whose life encounters as many polytheisms as poet Nguyen Dinh Chieu. But from the hardships, the poet has let the readers admire an “unusual light” of the will to live and create so that the more we see “the brighter”, the more we love and appreciate him.

Nguyen Dinh Chieu was born in 1822 in a lower class feudal family. As the first child in a large family (7 children), he was the son of a concubine, so from an early age he suffered from ups and downs. The place where he was born is Gia Dinh land, 11 years later, after Nam Ky was occupied, his father sent him to Hue to stay at a friend’s house. After 8 years of studying in Hue, he returned to the South to take care of the lamps and books to wait for the exam. In 1843, he passed the baccalaureate at Gia Dinh school. In 1846, Nguyen Dinh Chieu again went to Hue to study and wait for the competition. This is a difficult, arduous, difficult time for the poet.

Born in a time of turmoil, growing up he also encountered hardships in life. In early 1849, when he was about to take the exam, when he heard that his mother had died at the end of the previous year, he rushed to the South to mourn for his mother, leaving the exam unfinished. On the way home he got sick. The road is far away, the weather is hot, his illness is getting worse and worse, and he mourns for his mother so much that unfortunately he is blind in both eyes. His love story is also full of twists and turns: Before, when he passed the baccalaureate, a rich man in the countryside promised to marry his daughter, but now seeing him blind, he broke his wish. So the dream of not being successful becomes a “crippled” person, and the love life is difficult. The future seemed to end, the door of life seemed to close before him. However, with extraordinary will and energy, he overcame all difficulties, turned pain into strength, and rose to master his destiny. After the funeral of his mother, he opened a teaching school, many students followed him and since then people called him Do Chieu. In addition to teaching, he also researched more about medicine and made medicine for people. This is indeed a shining example of the will and life force that many people admire.

Not only that, his life is also a shining example of patriotism, love for the people, indomitable spirit before the enemy. Although he was blind, he could not directly participate in the resistance war, but he often discussed military affairs with Doc Binh La and exchanged letters with Truong Dinh – the leaders of the anti-French insurgency at that time. When he was evacuated to his wife’s hometown in Ba Tri, he still interacted with patriotic journalists and wrote poetry to serve the nation’s resistance war. When the French occupied the three western provinces, the uprisings in the South were extinguished, when a large number of philanthropists went to Binh Thuan, Nguyen Dinh Chieu remained in Ba Tri, upholding the example of non-cooperation with the enemy. Although the French colonialists tried every way to bribe and seduce him, he still refused. When the Can Vuong decree was issued, the anti-French movement erupted again in North and Central Vietnam, and he was full of confidence in the new struggle of the nation.

Nguyen Dinh Chieu’s life is a shining example of the will and will to live, patriotism, love for the people and indomitable spirit before the enemy. That person, the reader has met in the image of the young man Luc Van Tien – the ideal young man of the era in “The Tale of Luc Van Tien”.

His life makes us admire and his poetry is also loved by us. He left behind many valuable works: Luc Van Tien, Duong Tu – Ha Mau, Ngu Tieu medical art, Can Giuoc, Van Te philanthropist Can Giuoc, Van Te philanthropist battle Luc province, Van Te Truong Dinh, etc. The value of those poems is still alive in the hearts of readers because of his moral ideals, benevolence and passionate patriotism for the people. In his poetry and literature, there is no kind of poetry that simply relieves melancholy, they aim to fight, protect the people’s morality and the interests of the To Quoc, where humanism is always upheld. That ideal is consistent with the cultural traditions of our people.

Why Khue is brilliant Nguyen Dinh Chieu is very close, but we always look up with a heart of sincere admiration. Nguyen Dinh Chieu, that’s a man, a Vietnamese talent above all else.

According to Baivanhay.com


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